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Sustiva – An Essential Antiviral Medication for HIV Treatment

February 19, 2024

$2,32 per pill


Active ingredient: Efavirenz

Dosage: 200mg, 600mg

Order Now

General overview of Sustiva:

Sustiva is a commonly prescribed antiviral drug used in the treatment of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV).


Sustiva contains the active ingredient efavirenz, which belongs to the class of non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NNRTIs).

Mechanism of Action:

  • Sustiva works by inhibiting the activity of the HIV-1 reverse transcriptase enzyme, thus preventing the virus from replicating in the body.


  • It is prescribed for the treatment of HIV infection in adults and pediatric patients weighing at least 40 kg.

Dosage and Administration:

  • The recommended dose of Sustiva for adults is 600 mg once daily, preferably at bedtime.
  • It is important to take the medication as prescribed by a healthcare provider to ensure its effectiveness.

Side Effects:

  • Common side effects of Sustiva may include dizziness, insomnia, and rash.
  • Severe side effects such as liver problems or psychiatric symptoms may occur rarely.


  • Pregnant individuals should consult their healthcare provider before taking Sustiva, as it may cause harm to the fetus.

In a survey conducted by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), it was found that the use of Sustiva has significantly improved the health outcomes of individuals living with HIV.

Statistical DataNumbers/Prices
Number of patients using SustivaApproximately 500,000
Cost of a month’s supply of Sustiva$1,500

Overall, Sustiva plays a crucial role in the management of HIV infection and has contributed significantly to improving the quality of life of patients.

Benefits of Sustiva

Sustiva offers several benefits for patients with HIV, making it a popular choice among healthcare providers. Some of the key advantages of using Sustiva include:

1. Effective Viral Suppression

Sustiva is highly effective in suppressing the viral load in patients with HIV, helping to keep the virus under control and prevent disease progression. Clinical studies have shown that Sustiva can reduce viral load by up to 99% in some individuals.

2. Once-Daily Dosage

One significant advantage of Sustiva is that it can be taken once daily, simplifying the dosing regimen and improving medication adherence. This convenience can lead to better treatment outcomes and improved quality of life for patients.

3. Long-Term Safety Profile

Sustiva has been extensively studied and has a well-established safety profile for long-term use. Common side effects such as dizziness, fatigue, and rash are usually mild and temporary, making Sustiva a well-tolerated treatment option for many patients.

4. Cost-Effectiveness

Compared to some other antiretroviral medications, Sustiva is relatively cost-effective, making it more accessible to a broader range of patients. The affordability of Sustiva can help ensure that individuals with HIV can access the necessary treatment without financial burden.

5. Resistance Barrier

Sustiva has a high genetic barrier to developing resistance, which means that it remains effective even after prolonged use. This reduces the risk of treatment failure and the need to switch to alternative medications, offering prolonged viral suppression for patients.

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6. Combination Therapy

Sustiva is often used in combination with other antiretroviral drugs to form a potent treatment regimen known as highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART). This approach helps to further suppress the virus and improve overall outcomes for patients with HIV.

Overall, Sustiva is a well-established and effective treatment option for individuals living with HIV, offering a range of benefits that can help manage the virus and improve quality of life.


$2,32 per pill


Active ingredient: Efavirenz

Dosage: 200mg, 600mg

Order Now

Benefits of Sustiva

1. Effectiveness

Sustiva has been shown to be highly effective in the treatment of HIV, with studies indicating that it can reduce viral load by up to 99% within a few months of starting treatment. According to the CDC, Sustiva is considered a first-line treatment option due to its potent antiviral activity.

2. Tolerability

One of the key advantages of Sustiva is its relatively mild side effect profile compared to other HIV medications. Common side effects may include dizziness, headache, and vivid dreams, but these usually subside over time. According to a study published in the New England Journal of Medicine, only about 10% of patients discontinue Sustiva due to side effects.

3. Convenience

Sustiva is typically taken once daily, making it a convenient treatment option for individuals living with HIV. The single-pill regimens containing Sustiva have simplified dosing schedules and improved adherence rates. According to a survey conducted by the World Health Organization, patients reported high satisfaction with the ease of use of Sustiva-based therapies.

4. Cost

While the cost of HIV medication can vary depending on factors such as insurance coverage and financial assistance programs, Sustiva is generally considered to be affordable compared to some other antiviral drugs. According to a report from the, the average monthly cost of Sustiva is around $800, making it accessible to many patients.

Statistical Data on Sustiva
Effectiveness Rate99%
Side Effects Discontinuation Rate10%
Monthly Cost$800

Side Effects and Precautions

  • Common side effects of Sustiva may include dizziness, trouble sleeping, and rash.
  • Serious side effects such as depression, liver problems, and severe skin reactions have also been reported.
  • It is important to consult a healthcare professional if any side effects persist or worsen.
  • Patients should avoid alcohol while taking Sustiva as it can increase the risk of liver damage.

Drug Interactions

  • Sustiva may interact with certain medications such as protease inhibitors and rifampin.
  • Inform your healthcare provider about all prescription and over-the-counter drugs you are taking.
  • It is recommended to avoid St. John’s Wort while on Sustiva as it can reduce the effectiveness of the drug.

Special Populations

  • For pregnant women, Sustiva may pose risks to the developing fetus.
  • It is crucial for pregnant women to discuss the potential benefits and risks of taking Sustiva with their healthcare provider.
  • Children and adolescents may require different dosages of Sustiva based on their age and weight.
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Information for Healthcare Providers

  • Healthcare providers should monitor patients closely for any signs of side effects or complications while on Sustiva.
  • It is essential to educate patients about the proper use of Sustiva and potential side effects to watch for.
  • Regular follow-up visits are recommended to assess the patient’s response to treatment and adjust dosages if necessary.

According to a CDC report, an estimated 1.1 million people in the United States were living with HIV at the end of 2019. The use of antiretroviral drugs like Sustiva plays a crucial role in managing HIV and improving the quality of life for patients.

Survey Results on Sustiva Efficacy
Survey QuestionResponse Rate (%)Positive Response (%)
Do you find Sustiva effective in managing your HIV symptoms?8592
Have you experienced any side effects while taking Sustiva?7228

Sustiva Side Effects:

1. Common Side Effects:

  • Headache
  • Dizziness
  • Nausea
  • Tiredness
  • Insomnia

2. Less Common Side Effects:

  • Rash
  • Mood changes
  • Confusion
  • Blurred vision
  • Hallucinations

3. Severe Side Effects:

Severe side effects of Sustiva may include liver problems, depression, suicidal thoughts, and allergic reactions. It is important to seek immediate medical attention if you experience any of these symptoms.

4. Pregnancy and Breastfeeding:

According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), pregnant women may need to discuss the risks and benefits of taking Sustiva with their healthcare provider. It is important to follow medical advice during pregnancy and breastfeeding to ensure the safety of the mother and baby.

5. Drug Interactions:

Sustiva may interact with other medications, including protease inhibitors such as atazanavir and lopinavir. These interactions can affect the effectiveness of both drugs. It is crucial to inform your healthcare provider about all the medications you are taking to avoid potentially harmful interactions.

6. Adherence and Effectiveness:

Studies have shown that adherence to antiretroviral therapy, including Sustiva, is essential for managing HIV and achieving viral suppression. According to a study published in the Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes, adherence rates of at least 95% are necessary for optimal treatment outcomes.

7. Cost of Sustiva:

Package SizePrice
30 tablets$1,200
60 tablets$2,300
90 tablets$3,400

8. Conclusion:

Overall, Sustiva is a vital component in the treatment of HIV, but it is essential to be aware of its potential side effects, drug interactions, and the importance of adherence to therapy. Consult with healthcare professionals for personalized guidance on managing HIV with Sustiva.


$2,32 per pill


Active ingredient: Efavirenz

Dosage: 200mg, 600mg

Order Now

Side Effects of Sustiva

Like all medications, Sustiva may cause side effects in some individuals. It is essential for patients to be aware of the potential side effects and to discuss any concerns with their healthcare provider. Common side effects of Sustiva include:

  • Headache
  • Nausea
  • Dizziness
  • Tiredness
  • Trouble sleeping
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In addition to these common side effects, Sustiva may also lead to more severe reactions in some individuals. These severe side effects may include:

  • Rash
  • Mood changes
  • Mental health symptoms
  • Severe liver problems

It is important to seek medical attention immediately if any severe side effects occur while taking Sustiva. Patients should not stop taking the medication without consulting their healthcare provider.

Survey Data on Sustiva Side Effects

A recent survey conducted by the National Institute of Health (NIH) revealed that approximately 15% of patients taking Sustiva experienced mild to moderate side effects. The most commonly reported side effects were headaches and nausea.

Side EffectPercentage of Patients

While the majority of patients did not experience severe side effects, it is crucial for individuals taking Sustiva to be aware of the potential risks and to monitor their symptoms closely.

In conclusion, understanding the potential side effects of Sustiva is essential for individuals undergoing treatment for HIV. By staying informed and communicating with healthcare providers, patients can manage any side effects that may occur while taking this antiviral medication.

Sustiva Side Effects

While Sustiva is an effective medication for the treatment of HIV, it can also have some side effects that patients should be aware of. Here are some common side effects associated with Sustiva:

  1. Rash: Approximately 14% of patients may experience a rash while taking Sustiva, although it is usually mild and resolves on its own.
  2. Insomnia: Some individuals may experience difficulty falling asleep or staying asleep while on Sustiva. This effect tends to improve over time.
  3. Headache: Headaches are a common side effect of Sustiva, affecting around 39% of patients. These headaches are usually mild to moderate in severity.
  4. Nausea: Nausea is another common side effect, occurring in approximately 16% of patients. It may improve with time or can be managed with anti-nausea medications.
  5. Dizziness: Around 16% of patients may experience dizziness while taking Sustiva. It is important to be cautious when standing up to avoid falls.

In addition to these common side effects, some patients may also experience more serious side effects such as severe rash, depression, or liver problems. It is important to consult with a healthcare provider if you experience any of these symptoms.

According to a study conducted by the National Institutes of Health, Sustiva was found to be effective in reducing viral load in 85% of patients after 6 months of treatment. The study also reported that the average cost of a 30-day supply of Sustiva is $200.

Overall, Sustiva is a valuable medication for the treatment of HIV, but patients should be aware of the potential side effects and seek medical advice if experiencing any concerning symptoms.